In this sense, they say, Confucianism is a key component in the path that these states followed in setting up their welfare regimes. Today, the chapter argues, the main characteristic of South Korean welfare is selectivity. This article focuses on Tanpopo, a self-help group for people with putatively common experiences receiving care in a child welfare institution. This paper is concerned with the link between studies of welfare typologies and studies of international social work. However, recent dramatic social and economic challenges persist, including ageing and change of labour market structure.
Confucianism in the welfare context has been used as a means of legitimizing restrictive social policies in response to internal and external challenges to these societies, including globalization. Furthermore, this article considers the policy responses in Singapore to the change of the economic and social conditions in evolving welfare states by reviewing recent developments of the country's social policies. For example, both societies are facing dynamically rapid ageing and possessing the traditional Confucian value of filial piety. The government also encouraged the private sector to be more involved in welfare provision, especially in funding training. This article examines the relationship between poverty and the welfare state and attempts to answer the question as to why poverty has persisted under all welfare states.
This article compares features of the redistributive, developmental and productivist models of social policy. Moreover, colonial powers contributed to the internationalization of the East Asian economies long before those of more advanced economies, because, the authors claim, it did not threaten the hegemony of the colonial powers. The approach to developing professional welfare services for families is considered in the light of both conflicting traditional and modern family values. There is very little information in the West about their operation and the differences between them. Based on ethnographic research in two villages in North China, this paper analyses the dilemmas of family care for people with intellectual disability. This study aims to explore the importance of family financial support from adult children to their older parents in Hong Kong and South Korea.
In parallel, as a side effect of rapid industrialization, the influence of Confucianism started to decline while demands for political liberalization were growing, leading to a presidential election in 1987. Holliday 2000 particularly extends the typology defined in Esping-Andersen 1990 by branding East Asian economies as 'productivist' welfare regimes. East Asian Welfare Regimes: from Confucianism to Globalisation. In Japan and South Korea, for example, it allowed authoritarian states to introduce interventionist measures that made possible a rapid industrialization and economic growth without having to worry about the social impact, which had to be cushioned by the family. Family care for people with intellectual disability in rural China has been increasingly challenged by the forces of labour migration, demographic changes and the ever-growing processes of commoditization. And how different are they from each other, in the context of varied national policies about Confucianism, from the powerful attack on Confucian gender inequalities under Chinese communism to the embrace of Confucianism under the national governments of Korea and Taiwan? Beyond mainstream employment regulations, the state's welfare provisions, supported by the tripartite alliance, also contribute to shap- ing Singapore's temporary staffing industry. Λέξεις Κλειδιά: Καθεστώτα Ευημερίας, Έλλειψη Στέγης, Συγκριτική Κοινωνική Πολιτική Abstract This article explores the relationship between the broader structure and characteristics of welfare regimes with the phenomenon of homelessness.
In spite of these recent changes, the notion that the gendered division of labour in the Korean family has shifted from a traditional to an egalitarian model is highly questionable. Wong brings a fresh set of eastern thoughts and ideas in examining Asian welfare systems. The identification of a widely understood accessibility of publicly funded health care as a basic measure for assessing the decommodifying features of health programs is an important result of the empirical analysis. Relations industrielles, 61 3 , 540—545. Conservative social organization and cultural values, notably a strong family and discipline, ensured political stability and stimulated economic growth. Are the welfare systems of East Asian countries distinctive, with Confucian cultural assumptions hidden beneath the surface commitment to gender equality? In 1965, Sjöwall and Wahlöö began to write crime stories about a unit of the Stockholm police led by the fictional character of Martin Beck.
Consequently, it has been argued that more empirical studies are needed to strengthen the leadership research base in Asia Jamelaa and Jainabee Bryant 2013a, 2013b;Walker and Hallinger 2015. By contrast, they underline the crucial political role that they played in the industrialization process, though it was used in a flexible manner to suit local circumstances and political ideology. There is very little information in the West about their operation and the differences between them. The first part begins by laying out a brief overview of the foundation of Kulon Progo welfare system. For Singapore, the city-state's welfare regime is characterised by the ideology of 'market meritocracy' Wijeysingha, 2005 , as well as a stable tripartite alliance between the state, trade unions, and employers Wong, 2012.
The article explores a range of published material that has focused explicitly on instructional leadership and instructional leadership practices in Malaysia, including that written in Bahasa Malaysia. East Asian welfare regimes are generally marked by segmented and underdeveloped welfare programmes Midgley and Tang 2009. Although life expectancy and survival rates in the United States have improved dramatically over the past century, Americans live shorter lives and experience more injuries and illnesses than people in other high-income countries. However, there has not been a detailed examination of filial piety as presented in the Confucian philosophy that advocates it. Academics, students and practitioners working within international agencies should read this book to gain a better understanding of the ways in which welfare needs are met in societies with varying histories and ideologies. The discussion on the subject should help to formulate policy recommendations concerning the further development of social and economic policy, and the construction of socio-economic systems able to face up the competition in the global market.
On the surface, the current welfare systems of China and Vietnam display elements of both Bismarkian welfare emphasis on work-based contributions and liberal regimes minimal protection for residual categories Goodman, White, and Kwon 1998; Walker and Wong 2005. The authors consider that the cultural influence of Confucianism and its role in shaping social policies and welfare regimes have been overestimated. China, for example, opted for restructuring its socialist employment system to accommodate the need for economic reform and the shift to a market economy. These are the rural-urban divide exacerbated by the Chinese household registration system, coverage of unemployment insurance and social assistance, inadequate and declining benefit levels, and, finally, funding issues. While the middle class is vocal, the welfare rights and needs of other deprived groups will continue to be neglected, notably those of the unemployed, the sick and new immigrants. On a similar note, it has been suggested that the Japanese welfare regime is more like that of South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Singapore than the conservative welfare regime of Germany, France or Austria Aspalter, 2006;Croissant, 2004; Walker, 2005. By 2012, ten of the eighteen regional economies had implemented various types of non-contributory pensions.
In what ways does social development contribute to international and domestic social work?. Health in International Perspective presents detailed evidence on the issue, explores the possible explanations for the shorter and less healthy lives of Americans than those of people in comparable countries, and recommends actions by both government and nongovernment agencies and organizations to address the U. How may a comparative understanding of social welfare practices, programs and policies enhance social development in social work?. Rural families strive to provide care through a set of arrangements and bear tremendous stress in the process. Whether welfare states in East Asia can evolve with these changes remains uncertain. But as the fruits of the successful economic growth were not evenly distributed, so by the mid-1980s the emergence of the radical labour movement was more in line with popular demands for democracy.
It also connotes a structure of rules and regulations that must be underpinned by particular institutional forms. First, welfare restructuring in these countries has gone through two overlapping processes of contraction and expansion, underlined by changing politics of needs and shifting modes of governance since their shift from state to market socialism. In particular it examines the underlying assumptions of these systems and how the processes of globalisation are impacting on them. The book provides a unique insight into the main South-East Asian welfare systems written by experts living and working within them. . Im Gegensatz zu ihrem Selbstverständnis stellen diese Konstellationen insbesondere der Sozialstaat aber in einer weltweiten Perspektive die eindeutige Ausnahme dar.