As the author of Law and the Modern Mind, a classic text of legal realism, Frank also believed in economic growth. His energies were directed at the war effort grounded in political unity. At the same time, economic growth, possibly sparked by governmental spending, solved the issue of unemployment; but was it only temporary? It had real political repercussions. William Leuchtenberg, The Supreme Court Reborn, The Constitutional Revolution in the Age of Roosevelt New York: Oxford, 1995 , 215. Robert Brazelton published his analytical biography of Keyserling.
Barber, Designs Within Disorder, 3. Eisenach, The Lost Promise of Progressivism Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1994 , 101. Ethnic relations would change in the near future. Beaufort public high school had small classes. As for the Wagner Act, it was a successful completion of organized labor as a legitimate part of the political process without a socialist outcome. Mary Keyserling gave a copy of this valuable document to the author. Keyserling was no war lover; but he recognized the revolutionary significance of the approaching conflict.
To Senator Robert Wagner, housing was not a minor issue. The legislative objectives were three-fold—improve housing conditions, promote economic growth, and strengthen the electoral base of the Democratic Party. The more inclusive integrative liberalism places them in a larger time-frame. Rejecting charges of indoctrination or propaganda, Keyserling claimed a harmony existed between education and citizenship. His personality and behavior will emerge as his life story unfolds. Letter from Keyserling to Senator Wagner, March 17, 1941, Keyserling Papers, Box 2, Georgetown University. The knowledge that by the end of the twentieth century the United States had won the Cold War, while the Soviet Union fell into the dustbin of history contributed to the revisionist interpretation.
During his lifetime Keyserling felt the sum of these concerns. Roosevelt: The Man, The Myth, The Era, D. Essential in war and peace, this relationship was particularly critical in the difficult times before December 7, 1941. For background see William J. As an integrative liberal, Keyserling drew on his progressive inheritance. At the conference he rejected my contention that Keynesianism influenced the policies of the Council of Economic Advisers under his Chairmanship. He still wanted a reformed America based on the idealism of New Deal equity but as the war years passed both his personal and political strength waned.
Integrative liberals saw a new America in a liberated and new world order. Beautiful antebellum homes are now bed and breakfast establishments. Contending with the business cycle meant that in his career Keyserling dealt on several levels with the legacies of John Maynard Keynes, a fascinating intellectual and policy relationship. Barber, Design Wihtin Disorder: Franklin D. It was an historical development apart from the later rise of Keynesianism.
It did not happen that way. Wagner and the Rise of Urban Liberalism New York: Athenaeum, 1971 is the standard biography. Early in the twentieth century this adversarial culture, a liberating modernism, urged an ethical relativism against the moral absolutes of the nineteenth-century middle-class order. A French economist, Jean Baptiste Say 1767—1832 , argued that in a free market production P equaled consumption C over time. The American 6 Introduction response was a century-long reply—integrative liberalism, resulting in the rise of the Hegelian state.
The United States is still paying the cost of that assumption. A Jew with a progressive heritage, Keyserling graduated from the Harvard Law School. Covering a wide range of human behavior and institutions, this definition has clarity. Most professional economists found him tedious and rather pathetic. This would receive federal subsidies. Lieberman, Shifting the Color Line: Race and the American Welfare State Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1998 , 6, 8, 178, 216.
While economically the close of the frontier was problematic, it provided a dramatic image or icon for New Dealers seeking market-place reforms. Badger, The New Deal, 128. William Breit and Roger L. His career was a tireless crusade. Republicanism, eighteenth-century political thought, shaped the rhetoric and issues in American politics until late in the nineteenth century. The same spirit of reform was expressed in his progressive recasting of American legal education.