Such material could only be obtained from counter-espionage records, since a secret service would never reveal this kind of information about spies it was running itself. But Maddrell points out that the Soviet states were not weak - the communists were ruthlessly brutal, and American and British subversion attempts were consistently defeated by their formidable opponents in the Soviet security services. All of the case studies were crisply written and enlightening. In 2006 he had a book published by entitled Spying on Science: Western Intelligence in Divided Germany, 1945-1961 about technical espionage between the superpowers in the , particularly concentrating on the West's intelligence collection in the. In this response, I would like to comment on the archives I used. Each case study is unique and worth reading.
Maddrell's painstaking and methodical research, undertaken in German archives and in interviews with people involved in intelligence and propaganda during the early Cold War, clearly illustrates for us both the very real threat of conflict with Russia felt by Washington and London as the alliance began to break up, and also the strategies they evolved and implemented to deal with this. Mass espionage : Western spying in Germany 1945-1961 -- 6. The result is a very original book. This empirically well-supported analysis by Paul Maddrell is exciting to read. Drawing on declassified documents, interviews with intelligence veterans and policymakers, and other sources, The Image of the Enemy breaks new ground as it examines how seven countries analyzed and used intelligence to shape their understanding of their main adversary. The Western secret services and the Wall -- 10.
Other Key Sources of Intelligence ; 4. Defection was seen to have a powerful psychological impact and was, therefore, a key element in the West's psychological warfare strategy. He has written several and chapters of books on these topics. With an easily accessible, contextual analysis of the complexity of intelligence and propaganda as instruments of the West in its determination to challenge the threat of the Soviet Union, it provides stimulating reading and adds to our knowledge of this often overlooked area of historical enquiry. Using these lessons from the past, they can move forward to improve analysis of current adversaries and future threats. This research led to my monograph, Spying on Science: Western Intelligence in Divided Germany, 1945-1961 Oxford University Press, 2006.
The Western Secret Services and the Wall ; 10. Andrews, writes with a skeptical eye and a wry sense of humor, though his occasional attempts at a joke may cause a grimace. The inducement of defection -- 8. The uses of the intelligence gathered -- Conclusion : the years of the Germans. The Uses of the Intelligence Gathered ; Conclusion: The Years of the Germans ; Appendix: map ; Bibliography ; Index.
The scientific and military spy networks -- 7. It was also a distinct era in Western intelligence collection. It is a new area of research, and an immensely interesting one that has largely been overlooked in the historiography of the Cold War. The American-British collaboration is highlighted throughout this work, and Maddrell believes that American policy was formulated by the 'brilliant George Kennan'. Maddrell is one of those who are thus taking this difficult area of research forward into the future. I supervise PhD theses on 20 th-century intelligence and international history.
The Soviet exploitation of German science and the origins of scientific containment -- 2. Operation 'dragon return' -- 9. Whitehall was ahead of the game in its recognition of this scenario and in its evolution and implementation of a strategy to counter the Soviet threat. This policy of exploitation through defection provided the West with the opportunity to practice the second strand of their policy: 'denial'. He gives details of Klaus Fuchs's counter-intelligence operations and his confession, which also identified other spies at Los Alamos, among them the Briton Donald Maclean.
DeGroot, The Bomb: A Life. The modern history of Germany and the Soviet Union, together with the history of intelligence and security, are my particular fields of specialism. These rivalries provide rich case studies for scholars and offer today's analysts and policymakers the opportunity to closely evaluate past successes and failures in intelligence analysis and the best ways to give information support to policymakers. So if the thesis were to be turned into a proper book it would have to examine spying on scientific targets in East Germany. This, it was believed, would push the East onto the political defensive. It brings together German history, intelligence history and diplomatic history, which is very unusual. The book is an ambitious attempt to cover the nuclear era in a single volume, but it focuses more on the 1940s, 1950s, and 1960s than on later decades.
The years 1945-61 saw the greatest transformation in weaponry that has ever taken place, as atomic and thermonuclear bombs, intercontinental ballistic missiles and chemical and biological weapons were developed by the superpowers. DeGroot, a history professor at the University of St. As well as providing the West with information from individuals, defections from the East also deprived the Soviets of expertise, skills and knowledge. Of course, it does release records on matters more distant from actual spying, such as the information obtained from spies; I found this kind of material very useful. Information that infringes the privacy of others is blacked out.