This novel study provides baseline information regarding how an urban population experiences different types of nature. Global Ecology and Biogeography 15, 537-540. There was a significantly greater depletion in carcass biomass in the presence mean loss of 194 g than absence mean loss of 14 g of scavengers. The free-living pterygote insects of Gough Island, South Atlantic Ocean. Journal of Animal Ecology 71, 390-399. Spatial patterns of species description: how is our knowledge of the global insect fauna growing? There were weak but positive associations between frequency and duration of dose across all four health domains, while different dimensions of dose showed more positive associations with specific health domains in towns and cities. This approach can be applied more broadly to understand how individual organisms provide indirect, incidental and intentional nature experiences.
The size, concentration, and growth of biodiversity-conservation nonprofits. Ecogeographical rules: elements of a synthesis. Abundance-body size relationships: the area you census tells you more. This is particularly driven by concerns around human health consequences due to changes in positive and negative interactions. Intraspecific relationships between abundance and occupancy among the Paridae and Sylviidae in Britain.
Who benefits from recreational use of protected areas? Artificial white light also significantly increased the food plant's foliar carbon to nitrogen ratio. The geographical range structure of the holly leaf-miner. We conclude that exposure to artificial light at night can trigger ecological effects spanning trophic levels, and that the nature of such impacts depends on the wavelengths emitted by the lighting technology employed. A sideways look at patterns in species richness, or why there are so few species outside the tropics. Furthermore, dose—response modeling shows a threshold response at which the population prevalence of mental-health issues is significantly lower beyond minimum limits of neighborhood vegetation cover depression more than 20% cover, anxiety more than 30% cover, stress more than 20% cover.
Global Ecology and Biogeography 16, 220-233. Untangling ecological complexity on different scales of space and time. Species turnover and geographic distance in an urban river network. Fearing the feline: domestic cats reduce avian fecundity through trait-mediated indirect effects that increase nest predation by other species. Here, we quantify the effects, if any, of participating in allotment gardening on physical, psychological and social health. We surveyed bird populations in 106 tiles 500x500 m across the 174 km2 of an extended urban area in southern England. Waveform lidar captured sub-canopy structure and detected empty spaces in the understorey which contributed a 16% bias in the total green volume derived from non-waveform lidar observations.
The growth of easements as a conservation tool. . Journal of Applied Ecology 47, 235-243. We hope to increase research and policy attention on these areas, improving the capacity of the community to mitigate impacts of potentially negative issues, and maximise the benefits of issues that provide opportunities. The impacts on invertebrate herbivore abundance were wavelength-dependent and mediated via other trophic levels.
The anatomy of the interspecific abundance-range size relationship for the British avifauna: I. I have tried to base the book on sound research data without making it too technical for the reader. Geographic range limits of species. Over a 12-month period we tracked 452 tagged blue tits Cyantistes caeruleus and great tits Parus major moving between feeder pairs 9,848 times, to address two questions: i Do urban features within different forms, and season, influence structural presence-absence of connections between feeders by birds and functional frequency of these connections connectivity? However, as more vegetation carbon densities are derived, substantial variability between these estimates is becoming apparent. Overall nature relatedness was higher in older people, females, those without children living at home, not working, and people speaking English at home. This is the urban century in which, for the first time, the majority of people live in towns and cities.
Urban environments and ecosystem functions Kevin J. Human alteration of natural light cycles: causes and ecological consequences. Insect Conservation and Diversity 2, 213-220. However, demand is growing for knowledge of human—nature interactions at the level of individual people. With an ever-increasing urban population, promoting public health and well-being in towns and cities is a major challenge.
Measuring beta diversity for presence-absence data. Five years of experimental warming increases the biodiversity and productivity of phytoplankton. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 63, 121-139. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 14, 94-101. We demonstrate positive relationships between nature dose and mental and social health, increased physical activity and nature orientation.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 13, 529. Urban ecology and human health and wellbeing Jo Barton and Jules Pretty; 10. Species diversity and urbanisation: patterns, drivers and implications Gary W. Mechanistically, artificial light at night increased the efficiency of parasitoid wasps in attacking aphids, with twice the parasitism rate under low light levels compared to unlit controls. Systematics and Biodiversity 1, 213-273.